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NIGERIA WATER RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT—COMRADE SUNNY OFEHE

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NIGERIA WATER RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT

PAPER DELIVERED BY:
COMRADE SUNNY OFEHE FOUNDER/EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR HOPE FOR NIGER DELTA CAMPAIGN, {HNDC} THE NETHERLANDS
&
FORMER GOVERNORSHIP ASPIRANT DELTA STATE NIGERIA

TOPIC:

NIGERIA WATER RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT.

Nigeria is a coastal nation with an undisputed marine jurisdiction over the bodily, chemical and organic assets exploitation inside a distance of 320 km nautical kilometers (853 km2) into the Atlantic Ocean (FAO, 2014), notably within the Southern a part of Nigeria, excluding others rivers of financial significance akin to, River Niger and Benue to the North.

The nation’s water assets, which lies on latitude 4° 10′ to six° 20′ N and longitude 2° 45′ to eight° 35′ E to the South and seven°20′N 8°45′E to North by Benue, has considerably contribution to livelihood, meals safety and the general economic system by agricultural improvement, aquatic and fisheries assets in addition to contemporary water assets.

Despite the massive water assets, there have been lingering issues of water administration, in relation to high quality, amount and availability in addition to, makes use of dedication. Therefore, permitting for water administration peculiarity and their challenges throughout Nigeria.
Nigeria has principally two main seasons, the moist often within the months of November to March and dry, April to October. However, this isn’t so within the Northern a part of Nigeria which expertise a brief moist season and just for 4 (4) months from June and September with scanty rainfall examine to the 2800mm estimated annual rainfall within the South.
Thus, climate and different climatic peculiarity that characterised the nation’s regionally, and consequent challenges to water useful resource. For occasion within the Southern a part of Nigeria;

Challenges

Owing to the massive water assets it’s anticipated that, the area would get pleasure from ample water provide, however shouldn’t be so. Lagos-Nigeria for instance, due the state proximity to the Atlantic Ocean is confronted with water high quality, inundation and flooding issues because of the very excessive water desk close to the earth floor.
The high quality of their contemporary water assets has been compromise from underground water aquifer air pollution, siltation because of contemporary water –ocean combine, and flooding which comes with impurities.

The main Nigerian Niger Delta States, particularly Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers, Akwa Ibom and Calabar threatened by recurrent flooding together with Lagos workers, suffers extra from the actions of main oil & gasoline firms working within the area, thus oil spillages.

There are particular requirements which have been adopted; both from World Health Organization (WHO) or United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), to entry and monitor consuming and/or industrial water high quality.

Sadly, the actions of this oil and gasoline firms have elevated their ranges (hint metals and generally not directly nutrient) within the water and/or introduce substances reported of great ecological and human well being implications, and have been documented extensively within the area.

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Surprisingly in Edo State (particularly Ekpoma, Irrua and Uromi), which is without doubt one of the Niger Delta State, suffers from not simply water high quality however water useful resource availability and amount, because of the state’s geological formation and low water desk. In truth, there have been reviews of presidency in addition to rich people, participating the companies of water specialists to look (drill) for consuming water sources underground to no success.
As consequence, the people have resulted to harvesting water instantly from the rain (water seize) into domestically dug wells through the rains, or patronize water distributors, whose of water are unknown or from rivers untreated into these wells through the dry season.
The high quality of those waters undoubtedly would have been compromised and unsafe usually, leaving the people with no alternative because of the inevitable nature of water by way of use.

While within the Eastern Part of Nigeria, most locations within the East has comparable sorrowful state of affairs starting from shortage issues highlighted above for these areas in Edo State to high quality. There are different painstaking challenges of air pollution from soil weathering and erosion, open waste dumping and burning and poor city administration.

In the North of Nigeria, it is rather completely different and worse with alarming instances of draught, thus water shortage because of the scanty rainfall and forest slicing for farm lands, resulting in desertification and local weather change influence. It is much more saddened that, the presence of river Niger and Benue in addition to the event of the Lake Chad Basin has not helped to attenuate the pains of the people.

In 2001, particularly the 2012 flooding affected thirty (30) states in Nigeria (solely six had been partly excluded), which killed 363 people and rendering over 2.1 million people homeless in November 2012. Benue which is without doubt one of the Northern states alone recorded 33 deaths, made worse by the opening of the Lagdo Reservior in Cameroon.

Another main problem to contemporary water useful resource in Nigeria recognized is local weather change, which has additional pushed and heightened these issues, for instance the standard, amount and consequently on availability has helped to extend the incidence of water associated illnesses.

The institutional drawback (s)
Nigeria which is get together to over 82 environmental treaties and/or conference together with conference of the maritime air pollution by dumping waste and different issues, protocol regarding the event fund of the Niger Delta Basin and Framework Convention of Climate Change amongst others.

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In a very good route, established the Federal Ministry of Water Resources in 1979, with a mandate to formulate the water nationwide assets improvement insurance policies in addition to coordinate their improvement. The company was empowered to make sure satisfactory water provide, develop a grasp plan for the event of dams, and importantly water provides, discover and develop underground water assets and evaluate water laws every now and then.

Sadly, after forty (40) years of multinational, Nigeria is but to be boosted with a nicely developed, documented and coordinated water plan, its availability and useful resource financial institution. The Public water utility as soon as working have been moribund and with few states working partially. As a consequence, the Nigeria people have resulted to offering their personally water provide.
One of such is the sinking of personal boreholes, which is now the frequent contemporary water supply and out there in most properties, apart from areas with very low water desk. This motion little question will additional stress the out there water assets (with no out there useful resource documentation/ data) and result in aquifer and earth fragmentation.

Solutions

Although Nigeria is signatory to a number of environmental and water settlement, it has additionally enacted, promulgated and adopted a number of water administration methods and plan workable elsewhere. But the underneath improvement of the sector is a mirrored image of the establishments saddled with its duty and monitoring.

Today, the standard of the out there waters are questionable and sadly, not nicely monitored. The so-called pure water (bundle water) offered to the general public, have most of them with out manufactory particulars and/or sources in addition to manufacturing monitoring. That however, there are few with correct high quality examine and authorized by the approval companies.

Nigeria which contemporary water assets has fallen under Global Water Partnership and Sustainable objectives. The goal now could be to take a position, institutionalize, develop insurance policies and authorized regime and monetary stability for the sector, these might be salvaged as follows;
Overhaul and return to the unique grasp plan and/or objectives of the Federal Ministry of Water Resources and their state counterparts.
Strengthen water governance with pragmatic take a look at water useful resource administration.

Reinvent and reorganize the general public water programs and provide throughout the nation, with a mandate to offer clear and transportable water for the people.
(iii) will assist to scale back the stress on water assets and alteration of the earth floor, in addition to instances of water borne illnesses.

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The regulatory companies akin to NAFDAC and others be professionalize and geared up the wanted information to certify water distributors and manufacturing firms.

There is want for presidency to extend funding within the water sector.
The authorities ought to develop a scientific database of water research and doc a few of these challenges, starting from quantification and availability and air pollution.
The operations of the oil & gasoline firms within the Niger Delta must be nicely regulated to scale back water and meals air pollution. Especially the scientific researches carried out must be doubled checked and suggestion carried out.

Artificial dams and water provides must be developed within the Northern a part of the nation, to scale back the illness incidence and in some case instances demise because of the consumption of contaminated waters.
There is want for impact forest space conservation, particularly within the Northern a part of Nigeria, to attenuate the impact of local weather change which has additional deepened the issue.

Areas of Investment and engagement in Nigeria
Strengthen civil society capability in environmental administration, monitoring and improvement, because it pertains to water useful resource.

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The public water sector must be revitalized and large funding help. And/or established a public-private partnership in water useful resource administration.

Development of regional water administration methods, tailored from native to points and/or peculiarity.

There is must fund analysis research on this space, to doc and debate water associated points.

The at present little or no water infrastructure and is one space of funding.

Considering the peculiarity of points mentioned and challenged confronted by the people;
The North and East want pressing various water provide.
The south want correct water monitoring and services examine

Summarily, there may be must develop the Nigerian public water system, and dependable alternate options improvement for areas going through shortage.

CONTACT:
PHONE: +31634351598 EMAIL: [email protected]




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